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PLANT PREBIOTICS AND HUMAN HEALTH: BIOTECHNOLOGY TO BREED PREBIOTIC-RICH NUTRITIOUS FOOD CROPS

Abstract

Microbiota within the gut plays essential roles in human health. Prebiotics are non-digestible complex carbohydrates that are fermented within the colon, yielding energy and short-chain fatty acids, and selectively promote the expansion of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillus within the digestive tract. Fructans and inulin are the best-characterized plant prebiotics. Many vegetable, root, and tuber crops similarly as some fruit crops are the best-known sources of prebiotic carbohydrates, while the prebiotic-rich grain crops include barley, chickpea, lentil, lupin, and wheat. Some prebiotic-rich crop germplasm has been reported in barley, chickpea, lentil, wheat, yacon, and Jerusalem artichoke. some major quantitative trait loci and gene-based markers related to high fructan are known in wheat. More targeted search in genebanks using reduced subsets (representing diversity in germplasm) is required to spot accessions with prebiotic carbohydrates. Transgenic maize, potato, and sugarcane with high fructan, with no adverse effects on plant development, are bred, which suggests that it’s feasible to introduce fructan biosynthesis pathways in crops to supply health-imparting prebiotics. Developing prebiotic-rich and super nutritious crops will alleviate widespread malnutrition and promote human health. A paradigm shift in a very breeding program is required to realize this goal and to confirm that newly-bred crop cultivars are nutritious, safe, and health-promoting

Keywords
  • GermplasmGut microbiotaHuman health-digestible fibersTransgene
References

Authors

  • PROF.DROBPRY; PROF. PICHOULE SHINDE
    Affiliation:- a:1:{s:5:"en_US";s:105:"Professor in the department of biochemistry and Micro biotechnology in the university of Montreal .Canada";}

How to Cite

PROF. PICHOULE SHINDE, P. (2021). PLANT PREBIOTICS AND HUMAN HEALTH: BIOTECHNOLOGY TO BREED PREBIOTIC-RICH NUTRITIOUS FOOD CROPS. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Studies, 4(01). Retrieved from https://ijmras.com/index.php/ijmras/article/view/89

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