JUAN NÚÑEZ VALDÉS1
1 Departamento de Geometría y Topología. Facultad de Matemáticas. Universidad de Sevilla (Spain).
VOLUME 05 ISSUE 01
This paper follows a line of research started some time ago by the author with the purpose of presenting to society the biographies of women who managed to overcome the prejudices and laws in force of the time in which they lived, which prevented them from carrying out university studies, to differentiate from what happened at the same time with men. The main objective is to show the biography of Chika Kuroda, the first woman to obtain a degree in Chemistry in Japan, in the first decades of the last century and also the second woman to obtain a Ph.D. in Science in 1929 (some sources point out that she was also pharmacist, although this fact is not properly documented). The methodology used has been the search of data on this woman in bibliographical and computer sources, as well as in historic archives. As a main result, a biography of her, as complete as possible, has been constructed. Some brief biographical data on her compatriot Kono Yasui, the first Japanese woman to receive the degree of doctor in Science are also shown.
History of Chemist; History of Pharmacy: History of Science; first scientific women in Japan; Chika Kuroda; Kono Yasui.
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2. Haines, Catharine M. C., Stevens, Haines, Helen M., International Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary to 1950. ABC-CLIO, 2001.
3. Khan, Yoshimitsu, Japanese Moral Education Past and Present. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1998
4. Kodate, Naonori, Kodate, Kashiko, Japanese Women in Science and Engineering: History and Policy Change. Routledge, Taylor and Francis, London and New York, 2016.
5. Macho, Marta, Chika Kuroda. Mujeres Conciencia, 2017. Available in: https://mujeresconciencia.com/2017/03/24/chika-kuroda-quimica/ [Consulted, 28 Dec, 2021]
6. No author. Chika Kuroda, Japan’s first woman chemist, Ochanomizu University, 2011
7. web1: Ochanomizu University Digital Archives, Chika Kuroda (1884~1968). http://archives.cf.ocha.ac.jp/en/researcher/kuroda_chika.html [Consulted, 28 Dec, 2021]
8. Web Image 1: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educaci%C3%B3n_en_el_Imperio_del_Jap%C3%B3n [Consulted, 28 Dec 2021]
9. Web Image 3: https://twitter.com/ifmsaspain/status/839068428296126464 [Consulted, 28 Dec 2021]
10. Web Image 4: https://www.cambridgescholars.com/resources/pdfs/978-1-5275-2275-6-sample.pdf [Consulted, 28 Dec 2021]
11. Web Image 12: http://www.morihime.tohoku.ac.jp/100th/en/rekishi.html [Consulted, 28 Dec 2021]
THE FIRST FEMALE CHEMIST (AND PHARMACIST?) IN JAPAN: CHIKA KURODA © 2022 by JUAN NÚÑEZ VALDÉS is licensed under CC BY 4.0