Janet Dansoah Oppong; Henrietta Appiah; Endurance Serwaa Lah; Rose Agyei



The study focused on investigating the knowledge level of Senior High School female students on menstrual hygiene and management practices in the Koforidua New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used to select respondents for the study. The purpose of the study was to find out whether students’ knowledge on menstruation in senior high schools in Koforidua New Juaben Municipality can be rated high or low. The study adopted descriptive survey design. Two hundred and forty-one (241) were sampled for the study. Data Collection was facilitated through the administration of questionnaire. The quantitative data entry and analysis was done by using the SPSS software package. The data was edited, coded and analyzed into frequencies, percentages and organized bearing in mind the research questions for which the instrument was designed. The study revealed that a large majority of adolescent school girls’ knowledge about menstruation was insufficient, due to some cultural and religious restrictions. It is therefore recommended for formal channels of communication to assist female student to acquire relevant knowledge about menstrual hygiene in their life cycles.


Menstruation, Hygiene, Female, Knowledge, Students, Senior High Schools, Ghana


1 Abioye-kuteyi, E. A. (2000). Menstrual knowledge and practices amongst secondary school girls in Ile Ife, Nigeria. Journal of Royal Society of Health, 120 (4), 23-26.

2 Adhikari, P., Kadel, D.,Dhungle, A.& Mandel, P.(2007). Knowledge and practice reregarding menstrual hygiene.Rural adolescent girls of NepalKathmandu. University Journal and Medical Science, 5 (3), 382-386.

3 Adinma, E. & Adinma, J. (2008). Perceptions and practices on menstruation among Nigerian secondary school girls. African Journal of Reproductive Health Matters, 12 (1), 74-83.

4 American Institute of Preventive Medicine (1996).Menstrual cramps. Guidelines for Health Supervision, 10 (2), 34-36

5 Anderson, A. & Mcpherson, A. (1983).Women problems and general practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

6 Aniebue, U. U. (2000). The impact of pre–menarchealtraining on menstrual practices and hygiene of Nigerian school girls. Pan African Medical Journal, 14 (3), 25-28.

7 Beausang, C. & Razor, A. G. (2000).Young women’s experiences of Menarche and Menstruation. Health Care for Women International, 21, 517-518.

8 Bramwell, R. & Zeb, R. (2006).Attitudes and experiences towards the menstrual cycle across different cultural and religious groups. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 24 (5), 314-322.

9 Brumberg, J. (1997). The body project: An intimate history of American girls .New York: Random House Inc.

10 Costos, D., Ackerman, R., & Paradise, L. (2002).Recollection of menarche; communication between mothers and daughters regarding menstruation. A Journal of Researchon Sex Roles, 46(10), 49-59.

11 Dasgupta, A. & Sarkar, M. (2008).Menstrual hygiene: How hygienic is the adolescent girl in Indian .Journal of Community Medicine, 33 (2), 77-80.

12 Delaney, C. (1988). Mortal Flow: Menstruation in Turkish village society. Urbana: University of Illinois.

13 Doe, D. S. &Ghattargi, C. H. (2005).Perception and practices regarding menstruation. A comparative study in urban and rural adolescent’s girls. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 30 (15), 33-34.

14 Dhingra, R., Kumar, A., & Kour, M. (2009).Knowledge and practices related to menstruation among tribal Gujjar adolescent girls. Studies on Ethno Medicine, 3 (1), 43-48.

15 El-Gilany, A.& Badawi, K. (2005).Menstrual hygiene among adolescent school girls in Mansoura Egypt.A report on Reproductive Health Matters, 13 (26), 147-152.

16 Elissa, K. & Jill, R.(1995).Preparing girls for menstruation: Recommendations from adolescent girls.Journal of School Health,30 (120), 83-86.

17 Gillooly, J.B. (2004). Making menarche positive and powerful for both mother and daughters in J.C. from menarche to menopause. New York: The Hart Worth Press.

19 Hammer, M., Berg, G., & Lingren, R. (1990). Does physical exercise influence frequency of menstrual bleeding/postmenopausal hot flushes? Obstetrics and Gynecology, 10(2), 13-18.

20 Harlow, S. D. (1995). What we do and do not know about the menstrual cycles: Question scientists could be asking. New York: The Population Council.

21 Joshi, B. N.,Chauhan, S.L.,& Donde, U.M.(2006).Reproductive health problems and help seeking behavior among adolescents in urban India. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

22 Khanna, A.,Goyal, R. S.,& Bhawsar, R. (2005). Menstrual practice and reproductive problems: A study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan. Journal of Health Management, 7(1), 91-107.

23 Kirk, J. & Sommer, M. (2005).Menstruation and body awareness: Critical issues for girls. Education Newsletters for beyond Access. Gender Education and Development, 3(15), 4-5.

24 Koff, E. &Rierdan, J. (1996). Preparing girls for menstruation: Recommendations from Adolescent Girls, 30(120), 795-811.

25 Landis, A.S. (1996). Menarche in America. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

26 Laws, S. (1990). Issue of blood: The politics of menstruation. London: Macmillan.

27 Logan, D.D. (1980). The menarche experience in twenty three foreign countries. Journal of Adolescent Health, 15(4), 247-250.
28 Munster, K., Schmidt, L., & Helm, P. (2008). Length and variation in the menstrual cycles: A Cross Sectional Study from a Danish Country, 99 (40), 422-429.

29 Narayan, K. A.,Srinivasa, D. K.,& Pelto, P. (2001). Puberty rituals, reproductive knowledge, and health of adolescent school girls in South India. Asia-Pacific Population Journal,16(2), 225-238.

30 Nelson, E. (2007). Eskimo about being straight. Netherland: Netherland University Books.

31 Oinas, E.(1999). Young women’s perspective and public health knowledge on adolescent body.Scand Journal of Public Health, 10 (27), 270-272.

32 Power, C. & Matthews, S. (1997). Origins of health inequalities in a population sample.Lancet, 50 (350), 584-589.

33 Rahman, M. M.,Kabir, M.,&Shahidullah, M. (2004). Adolescentself-reported reproductive morbidity and health care seeking behavior. Journal of AyubMedical CollectionAbbottabad, 10(16),9-14.

34 Rowland, A. S., Baird, D. D.,&Long, S. (2002). Influence of medical conditions and lifestyle factors on the menstrual cycles. Epidemiology, 8 (13), 670- 674.

35 Scambler, A. & Scambler, G. (1993). Menstrual disorders. London: Macmillan.

36 Simes, M. R. &Berg, D. H. (2001).Surreptitious learning: Menarche and menstrual product advertisement. Health Care for Women International, 12 (22), 465-469.

37 Singh, A. J. (2006). Place of menstruation in the reproductive lives of women of rural North India. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 31 (1), 10-14.

38 Smithson, A. (1992). Girls will be women. Nursing Times, 88 (6), 46-48.

39 Taffa, N. (1999). Do parents and young people communicate on sexual matters? The situation of family life education in a rural town in Ethiopia.Ethiopian Health Development, 13 (3), 205-210.

40 Tanner, J. M. & Davier, P.S. (1985).Clinical longitudinal standards for height and height velocity for North American children. London: Macmillan.

41 Ulman, K. H. (1984). Impact of menarche on self-image and mood in adolescent girls. Paper presented at the meeting of the American psychological Association, Toronto.

42 Water Aid (2007).Global cause and effect: How the aid system is undermining the Millennium Development Goals. Nepal: Kathmandu Books.

43 Water Aid in Nepal (2009). Is menstrual hygiene an issue for adolescent girls? A comparative study of four schools in different settings in Nepal. Nepal: Kathmandu Books.

44 Whincup, P. H., Gilg, J. A.,Odaki, K., Taylor, S. C.,& Cook, D. J. (2001).Age at menarche in contemporary British teenagers. London: Rout ledge.

45 Wildman, R. P., Schot, L. L., Brockwell, S.,Kuller, L. H., & Sutton-Tyrell, K. (2004). A dietary and exercise intervention slows menopause: Associated progression of subclinical atherosclerosis as measured by intima-media thickness of the carotid arteries. Journal of the American College of Cardiology,44 (3), 134-136.

46 Williams, L. R. (1983). Beliefs and attitudes of young girls regarding menstruation. Menarche, the transition from girls to woman. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books.


Department of Pre-Vocational, SDA College of education, Koforidua-Asokore, Ghana.

Department of Pre-Vocational, Enchi College of education, Enchi, Ghana.

Department of Pre-Vocational, SDA College of education, Koforidua-Asokore, Ghana.

Department of Pre-Vocational, SDA College of education, Koforidua-Asokore, Ghana

Scroll to Top