EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON PUPILS’ ABILITY TO ADD AND SUBTRACT NUMBERS USING ABACUS: A CASE STUDY OF PAPUESO PRESBY PRIMARY SCHOOL IN THE WESTERN REGION OF GHANA

Manu MERIC ERZUAH; ISAAC ASSAN –DONKOH; DORIS BAAH; DANIEL KOFI NKUMitra

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ABSRACT


Efforts are being made through the use of abacus to assist pupils to be able to solve problems involving addition and subtraction of four or five digit numbers. Elementary school children who are trained to use an abacus would perform significantly better on tests of calculation speed and accuracy as compared with those who are not so trained. The study was therefore conducted to systematically determine the effectiveness of the use of abacus in assisting basic four pupils of PapuesoPresby Primary School in Enchi in the Western Region of Ghana. All the forty five (45) pupils of basic four class of PapuesoPresby Primary School in Enchi were purposefully selected for the study. Test item was used to collect data from pupils. Descriptive statistics such as means, percentages, frequencies and modes were used to summarize and describe the data. The results of the study indicated that the use of abacus as a teaching and learning material (TLM) helped the pupils to improve on their ability in solving problems on addition and subtraction involving four or five digit numbers. There is the need for the Ghana Education Service (GES) to supply basic schools with appropriate and enough TLM instructional materials like abacus to improve upon the teaching and learning of mathematics in the basic schools in Ghana.

KEYWORDS


Exploratory, Mathematics, Addition, Subtraction, Abacus, Case Study, Primary School, Ghana.

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AUTHOR’S AFFILIATION


ERIC ERZUAH
Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana

ISAAC ASSAN -DONKOH
1Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Enchi College of Education, Enchi, Ghana

DORIS BAAH
Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Fosu College of Education, AssinFosu, Ghana

DANIEL KOFI NKUM
3Department of Mathematics and Information and Communication Technology, Komenda College of Education, Komenda, Ghana

COPYRIGHTS & LICENSE


Eric Erzuah, Isaac Assan -Donkoh, Doris Baah, Daniel Kofi Nkum, 2019. This work is licensed under a CREATIVE COMMONS ATTRIBUTION 4.0 INTERNA-TIONAL LICENSE

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