‘’ETERMINING SPECIES COMPOSITION AND GRAZING POTENTIAL OF KHERIMURAT RANGELAND PAKISTAN’’

AHSAN UL HAQ; MUHAMMAD ASIF JAVED; ASHAR FAROOQ; MAZHAR IQBAL; MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR; WASEEM SAJJAD

VOLUME02ISSUE09

ABSRACT

The study was conducted in the range land of Kherimurat, District Attack to determine species composition and carrying capacity of the area during the study period. For this purpose, systematic sampling with random start procedure was used to collect the data from the representative area of the range. Three transect lines of 100 m length were laid out 50m apart from each other, later ten quadrats (1m2) were placed every 10m length of the transect to assess species composition and carrying capacity. The leading rangeland biomass of Kherimurat range was largely comprised of native grasses, shrubs and trees which contribute a major role for livestock grazing. The study revealed, that species composition from cover percent data of Olea ferruginea was the highest (14.08%) amongst trees, whereas from grasses Heteropogon contortus (12.91%) followed by Chrysopogon aucheri (10.96%); Cynodon dactylon (9.24%); Cymbopogon jwarancusa (8.23%) and from shrubs Alhagi camelorum (5.97%) and Dodonaea viscosa (5.32%) remained highest in composition respectively. Species composition of more palatable grass species like Cenchrus ciliaris and Bothriochloa pertusa was 4.29 and 3.47 % respectively. However, species composition from forage production data showed some differences. Species composition of Cynodon dactylon was the highest (15.85%) followed by Heteropogon contortus (15.60 %); Olea ferruginea (11.01%); Chrysopogon aucheri (10.60%) and Cymbopogon jwarancusa (10.22%) respectively. Species composition of Cenchrus ciliaris and Bothriochloa pertusa was 2.98 and 6.10 % respectively. The estimated stocking rate of the study area was 1.8 AUM/ ha which was very small. It was concluded that the range area has more grazing pressure due to which palatable species have less cover and forage production. The present condition of the rangeland could be improved by proper grazing management and range improvement techniques like reseeding of palatable species and adoption of locally workable grazing system.

KEYWORDS

Rangeland, Forage, Carrying Capacity, Rangeland Potential, Stocking Rate, Grazing Pressure.

REFERENCES

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AUTHOR’S AFFILIATION

AHSAN UL HAQ

Department of Forestry and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

MUHAMMAD ASIF JAVED

Department of Forestry and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad,

Pakistan.

ASHAR FAROOQ

Pakistan Forest Institute (PFI), Peshawar, Pakistan.
MAZHAR IQBAL

Pakistan Forest Institute (PFI), Peshawar, Pakistan.

MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR

Department of Forestry and Range Management, Bahauddin ZakariyaUniversity, Multan, Pakistan.

WASEEM SAJJAD

Pakistan Forest Institute (PFI), Peshawar, Pakistan.

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