‘’ADVANCING PEACE EDUCATION IN THE NIGERIAN CLASSROOM THROUGH COMMUNICATION SKILLS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’’

KAMKWIS; ZIRA; RIKI; FELICIA AMAMRA; JIBRIN, MALLAM AUDU

VOLUME02ISSUE10

ABSTRACT

This research examined the causes of conflict, peace education and how the study of peace education in the Nigerian schools could foster sustainable development. The study specifically aimed at finding out whether peace educators use communication skills effectively in the class or not to foster the cause of peace and non-violence in Nigeria. Four research questions and three hypotheses were addressed. A simple random sampling was used in selecting 546 respondents from some selected public senior secondary schools in Adamawa and Taraba States. The instrument employed in the study was the questionnaire which was validated by experts. A reliability test was conducted using Cochran coefficient which gave a reliability index of 0.82. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, mean scores and one sample test statistical tools. Results of analysis revealed among others that promotion of non-violent appropriate issues, promotion of social justice and development of studies critical.

Thinking is goals of peace education. Also, vested interests of certain people, radical ideology and indoctrination are causes of conflicts. Communication skills can enhance the delivery of peace education in the Nigerian classroom. Also, the result showed that peace education, if properly taught can reduce conflict situations, hence sustainable development. Hypotheses HO1, HO2 and HO3 were tested and significant levels of 0.000 and 0.000 indicate that there are significant relationships between the attitude of students taught peace education with appropriate communication skills and those not taught with appropriate communication skills, there is a significant relationship between the use of effective communication skills in Nigerian classroom and its non-use respectively. Also HO3 showed a significant level of 0.040 indicating that there is significant relationship between the benefits of peace education and sustainable development. The paper recommends among others that peace education should be made compulsory at all levels of education having relevant course specification to meet the needs of Nigeria. Also, peace educators should be those who possess mastery of communication skills and peace education emphasis should be on formative rather than summative approach.

KEYWORDS

Peace Education, Peace Educators, Conflict, Nonviolence, Sustainable Development.

REFERENCES

Abubakar, H.S. & Adam, M. (2015). Relationship between communication and conflict management towards enhancing peace in senior secondary schools in Bauchi state, Nigeria. A Paper Presented at 40th International Conference of the Counselling Association of Nigeria from 17th to 21st August 2015.

Akinyoade, D. (2011). Unit 1: History of peace education. Peace Education: Teachers Without Borders, Modules 1to 3 (Compiled) www.teacherswithoutborders.org p.1 Accessed June 10 2019.

Gill, A.Kr. (2016). Peace education. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Research, Vol. 2; Issue 12. www.socialsciencejournal in p.99. Accessed June 2019.

Ikechukwu, N. (2014). Planning and managing peace education in Nigeria. A Lead Paper at the Annual Conference of Association of Educational Planning and Administration (NAEP). Abuja, 2014.

Khan, A., Khan, S., Zia-Ul-Islam, S. & Khan, M. (2017). Communication skills of a teacher and its role in the development of the students’ academic success. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 8, No. 1. www.iiste.org. p.18. Accessed June 14, 2019.

Mishra, L. (2011). Pre-service teacher training for peace education. International Journal of Peace and Development Studies, 2 (7), 203 210. http://www.academicjournals.org/IJPDS. Accessed June 14 2019.

Njoku, I.A. (2017). The role of communication in conflict resolution. International Journal of Communication: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Communication Studies. (S.I.), 5 (1),34- 41 https://www.journal.ijcunn.com/index.php/IJC/article/view/113. Accessed June 12 2019.

Oghiagbephan, A.D. (2016). Peace education, a means for better adjustment of the Niger-Delta youths: Implications for Counselling. Journal of research in education and society. 7(1), 19-28.

Orunbon, N.O., Salami, F.F., Akinyemi, I.A. & Adetunji, O.K. (2018). Students crises and their academic performance in Lagos state tertiary institutions, Lagos state, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research in Educational & Technology (IJAREI, 5(1), 56-62. Accessed July 5 2019.

Pate, U.A. & Dauda, S. (2015). Cross cultural communications, peace education and development in Nigeria. The Online Journal of Communication and Media 1(1), 11-16 www.tojcam.net pp.11-16. Accessed June 12 2019.

Salomon, G. (2011). Four major challenges facing peace education in regions of intractable conflict. Peace and conflict journal of peace psychology 17 (1), 45 – 59. https://www.uml.edu>docs>challenges… Accessed June 15 2019.

Ubogu, R. (2016). Peace education in secondary schools: A Strategic Tool for Peace Building and Peace Culture in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice 7(14), 54-60. www.iiste.org Accessed June 15, 2019.

 AUTHOR’S AFFILIATION

KAMKWIS, ZIRA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Adamawa State University, Mubi Nigeria
RIKI, FELICIA AMAMRA

Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

JIBRIN, MALLAM AUDU

JIBRIN, Mallam Audu Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

Scroll to Top